The Top 10 Tax Trends in 2024

The Top 10 Tax Trends in 2024

Tax accountants looking at graphs

The tax landscape in 2024 is undergoing significant shifts, highlighted by changes like the reduction in individual income tax rates, the introduction of the OECD’s 15% global minimum tax, and the increased adoption of AI for tax compliance.

Reflecting on the evolution witnessed over our years in the tax industry, from manual processes to advanced digital solutions, these tax trends represent a pivotal transformation. Encouraging efficient, equitable, and green tax practices, these changes pose both challenges and opportunities.

Below, we have analysed and broken down the top 10 trends shaping the tax environment this year, offering key insights to navigate these developments effectively.

Key Takeaways

  • Reduction in Individual Income Tax Rates: Starting July 2024, individual tax rates will decrease, benefiting many Australians with lower tax liabilities.
  • Global Minimum Tax Implementation: From January 2024, a 15% global minimum tax will apply to large multinationals, aiming to ensure fair taxation worldwide.
  • Advancements in AI and Digital Compliance Tools: AI and digital technologies are simplifying tax compliance, particularly for SMEs and sole traders.
  • Clean Energy Investment Incentives: New incentives are being introduced for investments in energy-efficient infrastructure, promoting green energy adoption.
  • Expansion of Anti-Avoidance Measures: Anti-avoidance rules are broadening to combat tax avoidance schemes, enhancing the integrity of Australia’s tax system.
  • Petroleum Resource Rent Tax Adjustments: Changes to the PRRT aim to increase tax revenue from natural resources, particularly LNG.
  • Tighter Debt Deduction Rules: New restrictions on interest deductibility are set to prevent profit shifting and base erosion in high-debt industries.
  • Patent Box Measures Abandoned: The decision to not proceed with concessional tax rates for medical and biotech patents affects local innovation incentives.
  • Small Business Electrification Deductions: A 20% deduction for small businesses investing in electrification and energy efficiency marks a push towards sustainability.
  • Instant Asset Write-Off Threshold Increase: A temporary threshold increase to AU$20,000 encourages small businesses to invest in new assets.

The Top 10 Tax Trends in 2024

1. Reduction in Individual Income Tax Rates and Threshold Adjustments

Starting from 1 July 2024, there will be a reduction in the individual income tax rates along with an increase in the thresholds for certain tax brackets. This change aims to lessen the tax load on numerous Australians. For instance, if a taxpayer’s income falls into a bracket that’s been adjusted to a lower rate, their tax payable could decrease, enhancing their disposable income.

2. Implementation of the OECD’s Global Minimum Tax

Australia is preparing to adopt the 15% global minimum tax from 1 January 2024. This move targets large multinational groups to ensure they meet a minimum level of taxation globally. By implementing this, Australia joins a concerted effort to curb tax avoidance and maintain tax equity across international borders.

3. Enhanced Utilisation of AI and Digital Tools for Tax Compliance

The growing use of artificial intelligence (AI) and digital tools is set to revolutionise tax compliance for small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) and sole traders, making the tax preparation process more streamlined and efficient. For example, an AI-powered accounting software can automate data entry and tax calculations, significantly reducing manual workload and potential errors.

4. Focus on Clean Energy Investments

There are new incentives for investments in energy-efficient infrastructure, such as data centres and warehouses. This initiative not only supports the transition to clean energy but also aims to attract foreign capital by making Australia a more attractive investment destination for green projects.

5. Expansion of Anti-Avoidance Rules

The Part IVA anti-avoidance rules are being expanded to cover schemes by foreign residents that aim to reduce Australian withholding tax. This enhancement strengthens the integrity of Australia’s tax system by closing loopholes previously exploited to avoid taxation.

6. Adjustments to Petroleum Resource Rent Tax

Modifications to the Petroleum Resource Rent Tax (PRRT) are being made to accelerate the collection of tax revenue from liquefied natural gas (LNG) projects. Although this primarily affects a limited number of offshore operations, it reflects a larger strategy to increase tax contributions from the natural resources sector.

7. Restrictions on Debt Deductions

The rules on the deductibility of interest are being tightened to prevent base erosion and profit shifting. This change has significant implications for industries with high levels of debt and multinational groups, aiming to ensure that profits are taxed where economic activities and value creation occur.

8. Abandonment of Patent Box Measures

Australia has decided not to proceed with the introduction of a patent box tax regime, which would have offered concessional tax rates for revenues generated from patented medical and biotech innovations. This decision impacts the strategy for promoting local innovation in these sectors.

9. Incentives for Small Business Electrification

Small and medium-sized businesses are now encouraged to electrify their assets and make other energy efficiency improvements with a 20% tax deduction. This initiative supports sustainable business practices and the transition to a greener economy.

10. Temporary Increase to Instant Asset Write-Off Threshold

For small businesses, there is a temporary increase in the threshold for the instant asset write-off to AU$20,000. This measure encourages businesses to invest in new or second-hand assets by allowing them to immediately deduct the cost, fostering growth and innovation within the small business sector.


The tax landscape in 2024 is set for significant changes, from reductions in individual income tax rates to the global embrace of minimum tax standards and the push towards digitalisation and sustainability in tax practices. These developments are reshaping the way Australians approach their tax responsibilities and planning.

As we navigate through these changes, staying informed and prepared is key. If have any questions or need guidance on how these trends may impact your financial situation, do not hesitate to get in touch with our tax agents. Our team is ready to provide you with the tailored advice and support you need to make the most of these new opportunities and ensure compliance with the evolving tax regulations.

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